One of the benefits of using acid concrete stains are their ability to turn an ordinary concrete slab into an extraordinary artistic work. Inherent in the acid stain process is the differing degrees to which the stain penetrates and colors different areas of concrete. This selective process is how acid stain can produce a rich, mottled or marbled effect.

With time and practice, you can achieve some incredible results with acid stains. In addition to a marble look, you can get your concrete to resemble wood grain, natural stone or even a leather-look.

Acid stains are available in mostly earth-tones — rusts, brown, terra cotta shades being the most prevalent. To a limited extent, acid stains are also available in blue-greens. Custom color variations are possible by mixing stains just as an artist would mix paints to create just the right hue.

Concrete StainConcrete Stain Patterns

Achieving patterns with concrete stain can be accomplished in several ways. You can dilute the stain to create lighter areas where the stain is more translucent. If you want to go darker in some sections of your project, you can apply stain twice or three times to that section. Another option is to mix a darker shade of stain for the area you want to appear darker than the rest of the project.

Patterns can be incorporated into your design by masking off shapes before you begin to stain. For example, some people want their acid stain concrete to look like terra cotta tiles. We do this by masking off a grid pattern in the room or on a patio and apply stain inside each grid.

Similarly, you can even use two different stain colors in your grid to produce a checkerboard effect. You can even create elaborate patterns such as a compass rose or a company logo by masking these intricate shapes as well.

Pattern Creating Tools

Using specific implements can create interesting patterns on acid stain concrete. A spray bottle can be used to spray elaborate spray patterns with acid stain. Just as in faux-finishing with wall paint, sponges and rags can be used for specific patterns in acid stains.

Crumpled paper can also be used to dab on stain in unusual designs as well as feathers and lamb’s wool. Just remember that with acid stains, you cannot use any metal implements as they will react with the acid in the stains.

If you think of your concrete as a blank canvas, there’s no limit to the creative patterns and effects you can achieve with acid stain concrete stains. The richness of the stain, combined with the degree to which the concrete absorbs the stain, gives you a distinctive and natural-looking surface that will enhance your home’s value.

Exterior home design can be a fun thing for many people to work on. It allows for a great deal of creativity and customization for a space that is yours. The fact that is a personal space can add to the experience. Exterior home design can encompass many things. Some people simply stick to the house itself, while others look at the yard, fencing, and all other aspects of the property as well. Let’s look at some of the aspects of exterior home design now.

Creativity is Important

Many creative people really enjoy working on customizing the appearance of their homes. This is popular for many reasons. One reason is so that you can personalize your home. Many people appreciate having a home that they know I designed like no other one around. This one of a kind personalization is very important to a lot of people. The personalization can be only from a few details to an all encompassing design and style that really stands out from all other homes around.

There are a lot of things that can be taken into account when it comes to exterior home design. The color and material of a few or all aspects of the home can be examined. Some people are happy enough with simply having a custom designed door for the front entrance. The front entrance to a home is a main way that people come in and out of a home and a custom door can leave a lasting impression on someone.

Exterior DesignExterior Design Styles

For a more all inclusive design customization, all exterior facing home parts can be gone through for a complete matching custom style. The materials of the exterior walls can be made from a richly stained wood, or a combination of stonework and a planer paneling. The windows can have shutters on the sides of them while the roof material can be picked from a metal roofing material for a very unique look. Really the design choices for the exterior of your home are limitless.

Don’t forget, some people like to include yard work in exterior home design as well. Will you want a plain lawn or perhaps a mix of lawn and some custom gardening and bushes installed to compliment the choices you have made for you home materials.

Exterior home design is really only limited by your vision and your budget. A custom home appearance can include only a simple custom door choice to a completely unique home appearance.

A kitchen remodel is an excellent investment and can breathe new life into your home. Replacing the kitchen cabinets is very common and can be done in a few simple steps and the results will be amazing.

To plan DIY kitchen cabinets, following steps can be followed:

Make a general measurement

First of all, look at your kitchen. Consider where you would like to install your cabinet. Consider how it should be, such as box or drawer. Then take measurement of its suitable height and width. You should keep in mind regarding the size and shape of your kitchen, the types of stuff you want to store, convenience for movement in the kitchen etc. You can also plan two storied cabinet so you can store more stuff if you want or need.

To measure, you should use professional measuring instruments. Take two or three types measurement and pick the best one.

Consider the type of wood

Choose any kind of wood, which is discussed above. Consider its durability and price and balance it with your necessity. However it is suggested that, choosing a mixed type of woods are better. In addition, you can use different wood for different use. Such as, for sturdy structure it is always recommended to have durable wood. Again, you can use comparatively cheaper and less durable wood for interior wall.

DIY Kitchen CabinetsChoose its design

If you think you want to have some design on the door of the cabinet, you should think it at the first place. As a result it will be possible to avoid unnecessary expenses. Better place to start with is your kitchen. What does it look like? What is the colour of it? How do you like to make your kitchen look like, such as any particular theme?

Choose cabinet hardware and its design

Kitchen cabinet hardware may include drawer, hinges etc. Traditional hardware can easily be bought. However, you can also choose some modern, elegant or ancient design to decorate your kitchen with a best look. There are several types of design and colour available in market. Pick them considering its suitability with the design and colour of your cabinets and your kitchen as well.

Choose its color

If you want to decorate your kitchen based on color, then you should be very clever to choose color for your cabinet. You can use one color or multi-color to give it its best look. However, if you choose some design, then consider it when you are planning to put some color on it.

To conclude, choose the best materials for your kitchen. A well-decorated kitchen defines your consciousness about the importance of home decoration. A hygienic, neat and clean kitchen always catches people’s eyes.


Installing Diy kitchen cabinets may seem intimidating, but the techniques are really quite simple. It is easy to think of it as screwing a series of boxes to the wall and to one another in the proper sequence. If Diy kitchen cabinets plan is correct, the main job is to find the best starting point and keep everything level.


These are the general ideas for planning DIY kitchen cabinets. There are many other ways to know about it and work on it. However, it can differ situation to situation.

Ecumenopolis (from Greekοἰκουμένη oecumene, meaning “world”, and πόλις polis meaning “city”, thus a city made of the whole world; pl. ecumenopolises or ecumenopoleis) is the hypothetical concept of a planetwide city. The word was invented in 1967 by the Greek city planner Constantinos Doxiadis to represent the idea that in the future urban areas and megalopolises would eventually fuse and there would be a single continuous worldwide city as a progression from the current urbanizationpopulation growthtransport and human networks.[1] This concept was already current in science fiction in 1942, with Trantor in the Foundation series.[citation needed] When made public, Doxiadis’ idea of ecumenopolis seemed “close to science fiction”, but today is “suprisingly pertinent” according to geography researchers Pavle Stamenovic, Dunja Predic & Davor Eres[1], especially as a consequence of Globalisation and Europeanisation.


From the documentary’s synopsis:

“The neoliberal transformation that swept through the world economy during the 1980’s, and along with it the globalization process that picked up speed, brought with it a deep transformation in cities all over the world. For this new finance-centered economic structure, urban land became a tool for capital accumulation, which had deep effects on major cities of developing countries. In Istanbul, which already lacked a tradition of principled planning, the administrators of the city blindly adopted the neoliberal approach that put financial gain ahead of people’s needs; everyone fought to get a piece of the loot; and the result is a megashantytown of 15 million struggling with mesh of life-threatening problems.

Especially in the past 10 years, as the World Bank foresaw in its reports, Istanbul has been changing from an industrial city to a finance and service-centered city, competing with other world cities for investment. Making Istanbul attractive for investors requires not only the abolishment of legal controls that look out for the public good, but also a parallel transformation of the users of the city. This means that the working class who actually built the city as an industrial center no longer have a place in the new consumption-centered finance and service city. So what is planned for these people?This is where the “urban renewal” projects come into play. Armed with new powers never before imagined, TOKI (State Housing Administration), together with the municipalities and private investors, are trying to reshape the urban landscape in this new vision. With international capital behind them, land plans in their hands, square meters and building coefficients in their minds, they are demolishing neighborhoods, and instead building skyscrapers, highways and shopping malls. But who do these new spaces serve?

The huge gap between the rich and the poor in Istanbul is reflected more and more in the urban landscape, and at the same time feeds on the spatial segregation. While the rich isolate themselves in gated communities, residences and plazas; new poverty cycles born in social housing communities on the prifery of the city designed as human depots continue to push millions to desperation and hopelessness. So who is responsible for this social legacy that we are leaving for future generations?While billions of dollars are wasted on new road tunnels, junctions, and viaducts with a complete disregard for the scientific fact that all new roads eventually create their own traffic, Istanbul in 2010 has to contend with a single-line eight-station metro “system”. Due to insufficient budget allocations for mass public transportation, rail and other alternative transport systems, millions of people are tormented in traffic, and billions of dollars worth of time go out the exhaust pipe. What do our administrators do? You guessed right: more roads!

Everything changes so fast in this city of 15 million that it is impossible to even take a snap-shot for planning. Plans are outdated even as they are being made. A chronic case of planlessness. Meanwhile, the population keeps increasing and the city expands uncontrollably pushing up against Tekirdağ in the east and Kocaeli in the west. But does Istanbul really have a plan?In 1980 the first plan for Istanbul on a metropolitan scale was produced. In that plan report, it is noted that the topography and the geographic nature of the city would only support a maximum population of 5 million. At the time, Istanbul had 3.5 million people living in it. Now we are 15 million, and in 15 years we will be 23 million. Almost 5 times the sustainable size. Today we bring water to Istanbul from as far away as Bolu, and suck-up the entire water in Thrace, destroying the natural environment there. The northern forest areas disappear at a rapid pace, and the project for a 3rd bridge over the Bosphorous is threatening the remaining forests and water reservoirs giving life to Istanbul. The bridges that connect the two continents are segregating our society through the urban land speculation that they trigger. So what are we, the people of Istanbul, doing against this pillage?

If cities are a reflection of the society, what can we say about ourselves by looking at Istanbul? What kind of city are we leaving behind for future generations? Ecological limits have been surpassed. Economic limits have been surpassed. Population limits have been surpassed. Social cohesion has been lost. Here is the picture of neoliberal urbanism: Ecumenopolis.

Ecumenopolis aims for a holistic approach to Istanbul, questioning not only the transformation, but the dynamics behind it as well. From demolished shantytowns to the tops of skyscrapers, from the depths of Marmaray to the alternative routes of the 3rd bridge, from real estate investors to urban opposition, the film will take us on a long journey in this city without limits. We will speak with experts, academics, writers, investors, city-dwellers, and community leaders; and we will take a look at the city on a macro level through animated maps and graphics. Perhaps you will rediscover the city that you live in and we hope that you will not sit back and watch this transformation but question it. In the end this is what democracy requires of us.